California is located along the west coast of the United States and is one of the most visited places on the planet. The capital has moved over time but is currently in Sacramento, located in the central part of the state.

The California coastline has a Mediterranean climate and as such, has attracted large populations and have successfully used political means, particularly in the southern region (Los Angeles in particular) to redirect water resources from both northern regions and other states to serve thirsty populations. Central California is the breadbasket of the nation.

The land that is now California state was occupied by natives for perhaps tens of thousands of years. Scientists now believe those natives took the long journey across a natural bridge that connected Asia what is now Alaska.